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A vehicle sales agreement is a lawful arrangement summarizing the terms and conditions of a vehicle sale between a customer and a seller. In addition, it is a statutory document that both parties execute to guarantee that both the buyer and the seller comprehend the provisions of the sale. This contract helps safeguard both parties from misinterpretations or conflicts arising during the transaction.
Importance of Vehicle Sales Agreements
A vehicle sales agreement serves multiple purposes crucial for the buyer and seller. Initially, it ensures clarity and understanding of the sale's terms and conditions. This legal document includes details about the vehicle, including its make, model, year, VIN, payment terms, and purchase price. It also specifies any warranties or guarantees that accompany the vehicle.
In addition, a vehicle sales agreement safeguards both the buyer and the seller from any legal problems arising from the sale. The agreement can serve as evidence to support the seller's case if the buyer disputes the vehicle's description. Moreover, a vehicle sales agreement is vital to prevent misunderstandings and disputes during the transaction. By outlining the sale's terms and conditions, both parties can ensure they are on the same page without surprises.
Key Provisions in a Vehicle Sales Agreement
To ensure a seamless transaction and protect both parties involved, a vehicle sales agreement must incorporate the following key components:
- Vehicle Details: The contract should contain precise information regarding the vehicle being sold, such as its make, model, year, and VIN. The information should be accurate and correspond with the data on the vehicle's title.
- Payment Terms: The contract should outline the payment terms, such as the amount of the down payment, the balance of the purchase price, and the payment schedule.
- Purchase Price: The contract should state the purchase price of the vehicle, which can either be a fixed price or a negotiated price, depending on the sale's terms.
- Warranties and Guarantees: The contract should state any warranties or guarantees accompanying the vehicle, such as those from the manufacturer or seller.
- Delivery Date: The contract should specify when the seller will deliver the vehicle to the buyer.
- Vehicle Condition: The contract should describe the vehicle's condition at the time of the sale, including any known defects or issues.
- Signatures: The buyer and seller should sign the contract to indicate that they comprehend and agree to the sale's terms.
Seller Obligations in a Vehicle Sales Agreement
Here are some primary sellers' obligations in drafting a vehicle sale agreement.
- Accuracy of Information: The Seller guarantees that all information is precise and correct.
- Sole Authority to Sell: The Seller asserts that they are the exclusive vehicle owner and have complete authority to sell it to the Buyer.
- Ownership and Theft: The Seller confirms that they are the rightful owner of the vehicle and that, to the best of their knowledge, the vehicle has not been stolen, and there are no other circumstances that could affect their right to sell the vehicle. Therefore, the Seller is not selling a stolen Vehicle.
- Outstanding Finance and Debt: There are no outstanding finances, residuals, or debts related to the vehicle.
- Service Record and Faults: The Vehicle has a complete service record, and any accidents are fully disclosed to the Buyer by the Seller. The Seller has also fully disclosed any current faults they are reasonably aware of, and there are no intentionally hidden faults in the vehicle.
- Spare Keys and Service Manual: The Seller will provide the Buyer with all spare keys and the service manual.
- Transfer of Ownership: Once the Buyer has purchased the vehicle and the payment has been cleared, the Seller must transfer the vehicle's possession to the Buyer, along with all necessary documents.
- No Warranty/Guarantee: The Seller provides no assurance or guarantees if it has been mentioned previously in the agreement.
Buyer Responsibilities in a Vehicle Sales Agreement
Some responsibilities of buyers in a vehicle sales contract are as follows:
- Under the terms of the Vehicle Sales Agreement, the Buyer is obligated to pay the agreed-upon price to the Seller for the vehicle mentioned in the contract.
- The Buyer is responsible for ensuring the accuracy of all information provided and should have it verified to prevent any disputes.
- The vehicle payment should be made per the agreed-upon terms outlined in the contract.
- The Buyer is also responsible for being fully aware of the vehicle's history and any current faults.
- Upon payment, the Buyer must receive all necessary documentation related to the ownership of the vehicle.
- The Buyer must have inspected the vehicle at the Seller's location and accepted it in its current condition at the viewing time.
- The Buyer acknowledges that they are purchasing a used vehicle and assumes responsibility for its condition, except for any intentionally concealed faults, when signing the agreement.
Key Terms for Vehicle Sales Agreements
- Covered Repairs: The specific types of repairs and maintenance services included in the vehicle service agreement.
- Maintenance Services: Routine services like oil changes, tire rotations, and brake inspections help keep the vehicle running smoothly and prevent larger issues from developing.
- Exclusions: The types of repairs or maintenance services not covered by the vehicle service agreement.
- Extended Warranty: A vehicle service agreement that covers repairs and maintenance services beyond the standard manufacturer's warranty.
- Claim: A request made by the vehicle owner for a covered repair or maintenance service to be performed by the service provider.
- Service Provider: The company or entity accountable for providing the covered repairs and maintenance assistance outlined in the vehicle service agreement.
- Transferable: Whether or not the vehicle service agreement can be transferred to a new owner if the vehicle is sold or transferred to a new owner.
Final Thoughts on Vehicle Sales Agreements
A vehicle sales agreement is a vital document summarizing the terms and conditions of a vehicle sale between a seller and buyer. It offers a clear knowledge of the terms of the sale, protects both parties from legal matters, and helps prevent misinterpretations or conflicts.
Also, a vehicle sales agreement must incorporate key aspects such as vehicle information, payment terms, purchase price, warranties and guarantees, delivery date, vehicle condition, and both parties signatures. By following these guidelines, the seller and buyer can be sure that the transaction will go seamlessly and that their interests are safeguarded.
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Meet some of our Vehicle Sales Agreement Lawyers
June 8, 2021
Ayelet G. Faerman knows what influencers mean to brands today. With experience as legal counsel for a beauty brand for over 5 years, and overseeing multiple collaborations, Ayelet has experienced the rise of influencer marketing. As the founder and managing partner of Faerman Law, PA her practice focuses on influencer relations including a specialization in contract negotiations.
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Benjamin is an attorney specializing in Business, Intellectual Property, Employment and Real Estate.
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Attorney Gaudet has worked in the healthcare and property management business sectors for many years. As an attorney, contract drafting, review, and negotiation has always been an area of great focus and interest. Attorney Gaudet currently works in Massachusetts real estate law, business and corporate law, and bankruptcy law.
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Experienced General Counsel/Chief Legal Officer
November 4, 2022
I am a graduate of Cornell University and Rutgers University School of Law—Newark, and have been admitted to the state and federal bars for New Jersey, and have been engaged in the full- or part-time practice of law since my admission to the bar in 1991. My practice centers on civil litigation; wills, trusts, and estates; and ediscovery review and management. I have extensive experience in regulatory compliance in the financial services industry, as well as privacy laws in the U.S. and E.U.
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I am a general practice lawyer with 21 years of experience handling a wide variety of cases, both civil and criminal
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Melissa D. Goolsarran Ramnauth, Esq. is an experienced trial-winning trademark and business attorney. She has represented large businesses in commercial litigation cases. She now represents consumers and small businesses regarding federal trademarks, contracts, and more. Her extensive litigation knowledge allows her to prepare strong trademark applications and contracts to minimize the risk of future lawsuits.