Many people with TN visas may wish to transition to permanent residency by obtaining a green card for U.S. citizenship. The TN visa is a non-immigrant visa that permits residents of Mexico and Canada to work in the United States. In addition, it is an excellent alternative for experts who wish to work in the United States for a temporary period.
How to Transition from TN Visa to Green Card
While shifting from a TN visa to a green card is complicated and time-consuming, it is possible. There are different options for TN visa holders to get a green card, including employment-based sponsorship, family-based sponsorship, and the Diversity Visa Lottery. Below are the various ways to obtain a green card:
If the TN visa holder has an employer willing to sponsor them for a green card, they can apply for an employment-based green card. The employer must file a labor certification application with the U.S. Department of Labor and demonstrate that no qualified U.S. workers are available for the job. Once the labor certification is approved, the employer can file a petition for a green card on behalf of the TN visa holder.
If a TN visa holder has a United States citizen or permanent resident partner or relative, they may be able to back the TN visa holder for a green card. The procedure concerns the sponsor filing a requisition on behalf of the TN visa holder and exhibiting that they can financially sustain the TN visa holder. Once the petition is approved, the TN visa holder can register for a green card.
Diversity Visa Lottery
The Diversity Visa Lottery is another prevalent method that allows up to 50,000 people from nations with low rates of immigration to the United States to obtain a green card. TN visa holders from eligible nations can apply for the lottery, but the odds of winning are low. If the TN visa holder is chosen, they can apply for a green card.
Duration of Transition from TN Visa to Green Card
The visa is only valid for three years and can be renewed indefinitely if the holder fulfills the eligibility prerequisites. And to get a TN visa, the applicant must hold a job offer from a U.S. organization in a qualifying profession and have the required qualifications and education to complete the job.
The processing time for moving from a TN visa to a Green Card varies depending on the application method and the applicant's country of origin. Generally, the processing time for employment-based Green Cards can range from several months to several years, depending on the category and the applicant's country of origin.
The processing time for family-based Green Cards can also vary, but it is typically shorter than for employment-based Green Cards. The processing time for Diversity Visas can also vary, as it is a random selection process.
Key Terms for TN Visa to Green Card
- NAFTA: It is a trade arrangement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico, which includes prerequisites for TN visas.
- TN Visa Duration: TN status is generally given for up to three years, with the option of extensions.
- Adjustment of Status: This is how foreign citizens already in the United States on a non-immigrant visa can apply for a green card without leaving the nation.
- TN Visa Extension: This is the procedure by which TN status holders can apply for an extension of their status past the initial three-year period.
- Consular Processing: is the procedure by which foreign nationals outside the United States can apply for a green card at a U.S. embassy or consulate in their home nation.
- TN Status: TN status is a non-immigrant classification under NAFTA, which allows Mexican and Canadian citizens to work in the United States in certain jobs.
Final Thoughts on TN Visa to Green Card
Moving from a TN visa to a Green Card can be complicated, and the processing time can differ depending on the application method and the applicant's country of origin. Nevertheless, obtaining a Green Card can provide numerous benefits, including living and working permanently in the United States. So if you are a TN visa holder interested in getting a Green Card, it is necessary to consult with a professional immigration lawyer who can help you through the process and help you understand your options.
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