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Tenancy in Common Agreement

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A tenancy in common agreement is a contract focused upon explaining the ownership rights and duties of co-owners of the negotiated property between all parties. This agreement introduces the arrangement by underlining the important terms and circumstances that govern the tenancy. A tenancy in common arrangement imposes joint and several duties on renters, but it is suitable for situations or persons who want to hold property jointly with their partners but want to leave their portion to someone other than the co-tenant. Let us know further about it in this blog below.

Benefits of Tenancy in Common Agreements

Tenancy in common (TIC) has various advantages for anyone who selects this property ownership. Here are some vital benefits of a shared tenancy:

  • Permitting Shared Property Ownership: TIC permits numerous people to co-own a property. Individuals may be able to invest in real estate or own property that they would not be able to afford otherwise. Property ownership may be made more accessible and reasonable by sharing the expenses and responsibilities.
  • Allowing Ownership Percentage Flexibility: Unlike other types of shared ownership, such as joint tenancy, TIC allows for uneven ownership percentages. Each co-owner can have a separate ownership share depending on their financial contributions, participant agreement, or other criteria. This adaptability enables a more customized ownership structure that reflects the choices and contributions of the co-owners.
  • Facilitating Individual Control: Each co-owner in a TIC agreement has the right to own and utilize the entire property, regardless of ownership proportion. Individual control allows co-owners to make choices about property usage, management, and upgrades, subject to any agreed-upon constraints in the TIC agreement. It provides for liberty and personalization of property used within the framework of shared ownership.
  • Providing Investment Opportunities: TIC ownership allows co-owners to invest in real estate. This might be useful for those who wish to diversify their investment portfolios or enter the real estate market without bearing the complete financial load. Co-owning a property through TIC provides for shared risks, expenditures, and possible rewards on investment.
  • Including Estate Planning Flexibility: There is no automatic right of survivorship in a TIC agreement. This implies that if a co-owner dies, their ownership stake does not immediately pass to the surviving co-owners. Instead, it is included in their estate and divided under their will or relevant inheritance rules. This flexibility can be advantageous for estate planning since it allows co-owners to transfer their ownership stake after death.
  • Recognizing Potential for Better Profits: TIC ownership recognizes the potential for better profits compared to other investment alternatives. Co-owners may profit from property appreciation, rental revenue, or other financial rewards related to the property by combining resources and investing in real estate. This potential for higher returns can attract investors looking for long-term financial growth.

Essential Tips to Draft Tenancy in Common Agreements

Below are essential tips that should be considered while drafting a common agreement.

  • Seeking Professional Advice: It is strongly advised to seek the advice of a real estate attorney specializing in TIC agreements. They may offer legal advice, guarantee compliance with local rules and regulations, and assist in tailoring the agreement to your unique needs.
  • Defining Shares: Clearly define each co-owner’s ownership percentages or shares. This might be based on monetary contributions, parties' agreements, or other causes.
  • Assigning Financial Duties: Clearly define each co-owner’s financial duties, such as contributions to mortgage payments, property taxes, insurance premiums, and maintenance charges. Establish processes for reimbursing or recording payments and specify how these expenditures will be shared among the co-owners.
  • Identifying Decision-Making Process: Within the TIC agreement, identify the decision-making procedures. Determine whether choices will be decided by unanimous vote, majority vote, or ownership percentages. Consider prospective circumstances requiring decisions like property enhancements, renovations, or substantial repairs.
  • Determining Limitations: Discuss and agree on property usage standards, including any limits or prohibitions on activities, changes, or leasing. To maintain unity and minimize problems, ensure that all co-owners know and agree to these usage standards.
  • Addressing Changes and Amendments: Anticipate and address any ownership changes in the agreement. Consider including rules for the sale or transfer of ownership interests and any first-refusal rights among co-owners or processes for valuing ownership interests. Establish procedures for making amendments and ensure that all co-owners properly document and agree upon any changes to the agreement.
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Steps for Dissolution of Tenancy in Common Agreements

The tenancy in common (TIC) agreement dissolves when co-owners discontinue their shared property ownership. Here's an outline of the steps of terminating a TIC agreement:

  1. Confirm Mutual Agreement. Typically, the dissolution of a TIC agreement requires the joint consent of all co-owners. All parties must agree on the decision to terminate the TIC agreement.
  2. Examine the TIC Agreement. The co-owners should thoroughly analyze the first TIC agreement. The agreement may include conditions and processes for terminating the arrangement, such as the distribution of funds from the sale of the property. It is important to adhere to the norms and conditions mentioned in the agreement.
  3. Sell the Property. Once the appraisal has been completed, the co-owners can sell the property. This might include putting it on the market, hiring a real estate agent, or finding a buyer on your own. The selling procedure should adhere to the legal and regulatory requirements of the jurisdiction in which the property is located.
  4. Conduct Valuation of Ownership Interests. If the co-owners decide to sell the property and split the profits, the value of each co-owner’s ownership interest must be calculated. This can be performed through a certified expert evaluation that considers the property's fair market worth and each co-owner ownership part.
  5. Settle any Outstanding Obligation. Before finalizing the termination of the TIC agreement, the co-owners shall clear any outstanding financial obligations relating to the property. This may involve paying off mortgages, removing liens, settling any outstanding property tax or insurance issues, and handling any other financial obligations related to the property.
  6. Seek Legal Advice. It is recommended that you speak with a real estate attorney throughout the process of terminating a TIC agreement. They may give legal advice, examine the TIC agreement, aid with property assessment, ensure compliance with applicable regulations, and assist in navigating any potential problems or conflicts that may emerge throughout the dissolution process.

Key Terms for Tenancy in Common Agreements

A tenancy in common agreement describes the rights and duties of co-owners who own a property in their whole. Here are key terms and major words in such contracts:

  • Co-Owners: The co-owners in the agreement who hold the property together.
  • Undivided Interest: Each co-owner is part of property ownership, with no physical split.
  • Ownership Percentages: The particular proportions or percentages allocated to each co-owner to indicate their interests in the property.
  • Survivorship Rights: Unlike joint tenancy, tenancy in common does not include an automatic right to survivorship. When a co-owner dies, their share is distributed to their estate or chosen beneficiaries rather than the surviving co-owners.
  • Transferability: Each co-owner has the right to transfer, sell, or mortgage their ownership stake without the approval of other co-owners.
  • Partition: The provision that permits co-owners to seek a partition, which can include physically splitting or selling the property and dividing the revenues among the co-owners based on their ownership percentages.

Final Thoughts on Tenancy in Common Agreements

A tenancy in common agreement is a contract specifying co-owners' rights and duties. It encourages clarity, collaboration, and successful administration of shared property. The agreement helps to prevent disagreements and guarantees a happy living arrangement by covering essential factors such as property usage, expenditures, and dispute resolution. Seeking legal advice during the development or signing of a tenancy in common agreement is vital to guarantee its legitimacy and compliance with applicable laws.

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ContractsCounsel is not a law firm, and this post should not be considered and does not contain legal advice. To ensure the information and advice in this post are correct, sufficient, and appropriate for your situation, please consult a licensed attorney. Also, using or accessing ContractsCounsel's site does not create an attorney-client relationship between you and ContractsCounsel.

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