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Full Service Gross Lease vs Triple Net Lease

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The landlord pays all property expenses in a full-service gross lease, while the tenant pays taxes, insurance, and upkeep under a triple net lease.

What is a Full Service Gross Lease?

A Full Service Gross Lease, also known as a Full Service Lease or FSG Lease, is a type of commercial lease agreement commonly used in California and other states. In this type of lease, the landlord or property owner is responsible for paying all operating expenses associated with the property, such as property taxes, insurance, maintenance, and utilities.

The tenant pays a fixed monthly rent, and the landlord covers all the additional expenses. Full Service Gross Leases are popular among commercial tenants because they provide a predictable monthly cost and simplify managing property expenses.

What is a Triple Net Lease?

A Triple Net Lease, commonly known as a NNN Lease, is a commercial lease agreement frequently used in California and throughout the United States. In a triple net lease, the tenant pays three main expenses besides the base rent: property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs. These expenses are known as "nets," They are typically passed through to the tenant as a separate charge on top of the base rent.

Under a Triple Net Lease, the tenant is responsible for paying their portion of the property taxes, insurance premiums, and maintenance costs based on their pro-rata share of the leased property. This type of lease puts more financial responsibility on the tenant, giving them more control over the property and the ability to customize it to their needs. Triple Net Leases are commonly used in commercial real estate, including office, retail, and industrial properties.

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Full Service Gross Lease vs. Triple Net Lease

Full Service Gross Lease

  • Landlord or property owner is responsible for paying all operating expenses associated with the property
  • Tenant pays a fixed rent amount each month without any additional expenses
  • Provides a predictable monthly cost for the tenant
  • Simplifies the process of managing property expenses for the landlord
  • Generally, the base rent in a Full Service Gross Lease is higher than in a Triple Net Lease

Triple Net Lease

  • The tenant is responsible for paying three main expenses besides the base rent: property taxes, insurance, and maintenance.
  • These expenses are typically passed through to the tenant as a separate charge on top of the base rent.
  • Provides more control over the property for the tenant
  • Allows for customization of the property to specific needs
  • Generally, the base rent in a Triple Net Lease is lower than in a Full Service Gross Lease.

It's important to note that the advantages and disadvantages of each type of lease will depend on the landlord and tenant's specific needs and the property's market conditions.

Key Terms

Full Service Gross Lease

  • Base Rent: The fixed rent amount that the tenant pays each month to the landlord for the use of the property.
  • Operating Expenses: The expenses associated with the property, including property taxes, insurance, maintenance, and utilities, that the landlord is responsible for paying.
  • Tenant Improvements: Changes made to the property by the tenant to meet their specific needs, which are often negotiated with the landlord before signing the lease.
  • Escalation Clause: A clause in the lease that allows the landlord to increase the base rent over time to account for increases in operating expenses.
  • Gross-Up: A method used to adjust the operating expenses to reflect the actual expenses incurred by the landlord for the entire property, not just the portion leased by the tenant.

Triple Net Lease

  • Net Expenses: The expenses associated with the property, including property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs, that the tenant is responsible for paying in addition to the base rent.
  • Pro-Rata Share: The portion of the property's net expenses the tenant is responsible for paying based on their share of the total leased space.
  • Leasehold Improvements: Changes made to the property by the tenant to meet their specific needs, which are often negotiated with the landlord before signing the lease.
  • Capital Improvements: Improvements made to the property by the landlord that increase its value, which is not passed on to the tenant.
  • CAM (Common Area Maintenance): The portion of the operating expenses associated with the maintenance of the common areas of the property, such as parking lots, landscaping, and security, that the tenant is responsible for paying based on their pro-rata share.

Conclusion

Full Service Gross Leases and Triple Net Leases are common commercial real estate leases in California. Full Service Gross Leases are characterized by the landlord's responsibility for paying all operating expenses while the tenant pays a fixed monthly rent. Triple Net Leases, on the other hand, require the tenant to pay additional expenses associated with the property, including property taxes, insurance, maintenance costs, and the base rent.

Both types of leases have advantages and disadvantages, and the choice between them will depend on the landlord and tenant's specific needs and the property's market conditions. Full Service Gross Leases provide more certainty for tenants and make it easier for landlords to manage expenses. In contrast, Triple Net Leases give tenants more control over the property and allow for greater customization.

Ultimately, it's important for both landlords and tenants to carefully consider the lease terms and negotiate them to ensure they align with their goals and needs for the property.

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