Full Service Gross Lease Base Year

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A Full Service Gross Lease with Base Year refers to a commercial lease where the lessor is accountable for settling all expenditures related to the property. This includes repairs, maintenance, property taxes, insurance, and utilities. In addition, the lessee pays a specified rent amount that comprises all these expenditures, making it more effortless to budget for the occupancy expense. Nevertheless, the lessee may be liable for paying for expenses exceeding a specific amount, known as the "base year."

What is a Full Service Gross Lease with a Base Year?

A full service gross lease with a base year is a commercial lease comprising all of a property's standard operating expenses, such as maintenance, utilities, insurance, and property taxes. Moreover, with a full service gross lease, the lessee settles a single rent payment, including all these expenditures. Furthermore, the "base year" portion of the lease refers to the year in which the lease commences.

During the base year, the lessor will compute the total operating expenditures for the property and then divide that sum by the total square footage of the facility to determine a "per square foot" cost for the operating expenditures. This cost will then be used as the ground for the lessee's rent for the lease term.

Full Service Gross Lease vs. Triple Net (NNN) Lease

The triple net (NNN) lease is an arrangement where the lessee is accountable for paying all operating expenditures associated with a commercial property. It differs from a full service lease, where the lessor is liable for settling all operating expenditures associated with a property.

In addition, the lease rate under a triple-net lease will generally be much lower than that under a full service lease. The rate under a triple net lease is generally lower than a full service gross lease because, with a triple net lease, the lessee will also be accountable for compensating the lessor for its share of property expenditures.

Moreover, while the total sum paid by the lessee will usually be comparable with a triple net lease and a full service lease, the fundamental difference is that a triple net lease moves the risk to the lessee and away from the lessor. The risk it transfers is for expansions in operating expenditures.

Furthermore, under a triple net lease, the lessee will be accountable for paying all operating expenditures that increase yearly. These increments could happen because insurance rates or property taxes increase or simply due to inflation. On the contrary, the lessor will bear all of this risk under a full service gross lease.

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Full Service Gross Lease vs. Modified Gross Lease

A modified gross lease remains between an absolute net lease (where the lessees settle all operating expenditures) and an absolute gross lease (where the lessor pays all operating expenses). Most leases are mediated by the lessor and lessee and end up in the middle of this range as a modified gross lease.

On the other hand, many lease agreements are defined as full service but still need the tenant to settle some expenditures associated with the property. These expenditures could include utilities, janitorial, or a base year expense.

Benefits of a Full Service Gross Lease

A full service gross lease can seem exceptionally lucrative to potential lessees initially. It is one of the most seamless lease alternatives since lessees only have to be concentrated on settling the base rent and not stressing about all those additional expenses. Having one predictable rental sum to pay each month is also agreeable.

On the other hand, operating expenses like utilities and maintenance frequently fluctuate, creating uncertainty about monthly financial responsibilities. Nevertheless, the downside for the lessee is that they may pay more with a full service gross lease. The reason for this is that the lessor, not wanting to risk getting stuck paying too much for the operating expenses, may significantly increase the monthly rental charges.

Key Terms

  • Demised Property: A space that the lessor is renting to the tenant. In addition, the lease defines a property map and the lessee's access to security, cleaning, and snow removal assistance.
  • Term: The period between the lease's beginning and end dates. Alternatively, the lease might determine a month-to-month tenancy or automated renewals until one person terminates the lease.
  • Base Rent: This is the beginning rent without extra expenditures.
  • Operating Expenses: Additional expenditures, such as advertising, property taxes, utilities, etc. The lease defines the expenses the lessor pays and the lessee pays, if any.
  • Use and Occupancy: These are regulations that the tenant decides to observe, such as no smoking on the rental property. For instance, the regulations might involve garbage dumping, after-hours noise, and food service.
  • Security Deposit: The lessee's upfront payment to secure against skipped rent payments and damage to the rental property. Generally, the lessor returns the security deposit when the lease terminates, assuming the lessee returns the property to the lessor in as good a condition as the lessee initially rented the property.


A full service gross lease is an ideal alternative for real estate investors and business owners, as it allows them to concentrate on operating their businesses instead of stressing the upkeep and maintenance of their properties. With a full service gross lease, the landlord is responsible for all costs associated with the upkeep and maintenance of the property, including insurance, taxes, and utilities. It makes it more effortless for lessees to budget, as they don't have to bother about rising expenses due to changing market requirements.

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