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Litigation Law

Updated: March 28, 2023
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Litigation law is a statutory regulation that resolves legal conflicts through the court system. It concerns the presentation of opinions, evidence, and deposition by both parties in a case, with a magistrate or jury deciding the outcome. Moreover, while litigation can be time-consuming and expensive, it is usually necessary to protect one's rights or obtain compensation for harms suffered.

Purposes of Litigation Law

Litigation law is essential to the legal system, as it allows people and companies to settle disputes and pursue justice. The primary objective of litigation law is to deliver a fair and equitable resolution to legal disputes through the legal system. Below are some key purposes of litigation law:

  • To Execute Contracts and Obligations

    One of the principal objectives of litigation law is to execute contracts and responsibilities. When an agreement is executed between two parties, both parties must meet the terms of the contract. If one person fails to meet their obligation, the other may start a lawsuit to implement the contract terms. In addition, litigation guarantees that the responsibilities under the contract are met and that any injuries incurred by the infringement of the contract are reimbursed.

  • To Safeguard Intellectual Property

    Litigation law is also utilized for safeguarding intellectual property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyrights. If another person utilizes your intellectual property without authorization, you may start a case to control unauthorized use and seek monetary damages for any losses incurred. Litigation law guarantees that intellectual property owners' privileges are safeguarded and that the worth of their property is not lowered by unauthorized use.

  • To Seek Monetary Damages

    Another prevalent reason for starting litigation is to seek monetary damages. It happens when a person, company, or organization has suffered a loss due to another person's actions. For instance, if an individual is injured in a car accident, they may start a lawsuit to seek damages for the damages sustained. Also, litigation defines the amount of compensation that should be granted to the plaintiff and executes the compensation's price.

  • To Guard Consumer Rights

    Litigation law is also used to safeguard customer privileges. It can happen in different events, such as when a customer is deceived or misled by a company or when a client is subjected to fraudulent advertising. In these circumstances, litigation guarantees that consumers are protected and companies are held responsible for their actions.

  • To Settle Disputes

    Litigation law is also used to settle conflicts between parties. It can happen in different events, such as conflicts over property, estate, or private injury. In these circumstances, litigation is used to deliver a reasonable and equitable resolution to the dispute, guaranteeing that the rights of all parties are guarded and that the conflict is settled in a timely and efficient manner.

  • To Encourage Public Safety

    Litigation law further helps encourage public safety. It can occur in various circumstances, such as when a business violates safety regulations or a product offered is hazardous or defective. In these cases, litigation ensures that public safety is safeguarded and businesses are held responsible for their actions.

Common Types of Litigation

There are numerous different types of litigation, including but not restricted to the following:

  • Civil Litigation

    This litigation concerns conflicts between two or more parties, usually involving monetary compensation. Examples include contract arguments, private injury claims, and property disputes.

  • Administrative Litigation

    Administrative litigation refers to conflicts between individuals, private organizations, and state agencies. This type of litigation usually involves challenges to government statutes or judgments.

  • Criminal Litigation

    Criminal litigation involves charging people or organizations for alleged criminal law infringements. The purpose of criminal litigation is to punish the defendant and protect society.

  • Appellate Litigation

    Appellate litigation concerns examining a lower court's judgment by a higher court. Appellate litigation aims to rectify errors in the lower court's judgment or explain the law.

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Steps in a Litigation Case

The fundamental steps included in a standard litigation case are as follows:

  • Registering a Complaint

    The primary step in a litigation case is registering a complaint by the plaintiff, which summarizes the legal suits and relief sought.

  • Service of Operation

    The defendant must be officially informed of the case, usually through service of operation by a process server.

  • Discovery

    The following step is the discovery process, where both parties collect data and proof through affidavits, interrogatories, and injunctions to produce documents.

  • Answer to the Complaint

    The defendant must answer the complaint by filing an explanation or a motion to dismiss.

  • Pretrial Motions

    The plaintiff and defendant may file pretrial motions, such as motions for summary decisions, to attempt to settle the case before trial.

  • Trial

    If the case has not been settled through pretrial motions, it will move to trial, where the defendant and plaintiff present proof and arguments to a magistrate or jury.

  • Judgment

    After the trial, the magistrate or jury will present a verdict, including a judgment of liability and an award of penalties.

  • Further Appeal

    If either party is unhappy with the verdict, they may file a further appeal, which a higher court will review.

Pros and Cons of Litigation

Litigation can be a complicated and costly procedure, but it offers several benefits, including:

  • Security of Rights

    Litigation allows people and organizations to safeguard their rights and seek remedies for those infringements.

  • Resolutions of Conflicts

    Litigation can settle conflicts, reduce conflict, and promote peace.

  • Clarity of Law

    Litigation can help explain the law and establish legal precedent, which helps society.

Nevertheless, litigation also has several drawbacks, including:

  • Uncertainty

    The result of a litigation lawsuit is uncertain, and even if a party wins, it may not obtain the relief it desires.

  • Time and Cost

    Litigation can be expensive and time-consuming, drain funds, and cause financial stress.

  • Damage to Associations

    Litigation can harm associations, especially concerning family members or close friends.

Key Terms

  • Complaint: A registered document that starts a lawsuit, setting out the allegations and claims of the plaintiff against the defendant.
  • Discovery: The pre-trial stage of a lawsuit in which each side collects data from the other through different means, such as documented questions (interrogatories), demanded documents, and testimonies.
  • Summons: A legal paper that informs the defendant that a case has been registered against them and that they must answer.
  • Motion: A request to the tribunal asking for a sentence or a directive on a specific subject.
  • Deposition: A pre-trial investigation of a bystander or party under oath, performed outside of court, in which the opposing attorney questions them.
  • Brief: A registered statement submitted to the court to support a trial or response to a case filed by the opposing party.


In a nutshell, the objective of litigation law is to deliver a fair and just resolution to statutory disputes through the legal system. In addition, litigation is used to execute contracts and responsibilities, protect intellectual property, seek damages, resolve disputes, and more.

By providing a mechanism for settling legal arguments, litigation law plays a vital role in guaranteeing that the rights of individuals, companies, and organizations are safeguarded and that justice is served. Moreover, if you have any issues or confusion regarding litigation law, it is better to consult our professional attorneys at ContractsCounsel.

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