Full Service vs Gross Lease

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Full service and gross lease are two of the most prevalent options for commercial property leasing. While both leases have specific advantages, business owners must consider their options when leasing commercial real estate.

Business administrators must also evaluate several legal and financial factors when leasing commercial property. On the other hand, tenants must consider different aspects, including area, size, and lease structure, when searching for commercial property.

What is a Full Service Lease?

A full service lease, commonly known as a triple net lease or a net lease, is one in which the lessee settles a base rent that includes all operating expenditures for the property. Moreover, with a full service lease, the person pays a base rent that covers all continuous costs, such as utilities, maintenance, real estate taxes, and insurance. And all expenditures associated with operating and maintaining the property are the lessor's accountability.

In addition, full service leases offer an easy answer for lessees who desire a consistent and all-inclusive monthly expense. Tenants know their rental income responsibilities because the lessor bears all costs associated with operating and maintaining the property. Full service leases are particularly prevalent in multi-tenant office buildings where tenants share common spaces like lobbies, bathrooms, and elevators.

Moreover, a full service lease can offer renters a hassle-free leasing experience as tenants do not have to worry about handling maintenance and repair work because the landlord arranges and handles these duties. Also, tenants do not need to allocate a different budget for operating and maintenance charges since the landlord covers all of these costs.

Yet, a full service lease may have the drawback of giving tenants less control over the costs associated with maintaining the property. Tenants may not have as much say in managing these costs because the landlord must cover all costs of running and maintaining the property.

What is a Gross Lease?

A gross lease, commonly known as a full service gross lease, is one in which the lessor is accountable for all operating expenditures associated with the property. It comprises insurance, property taxes, maintenance, and utilities. Unlike a full service lease, the tenant pays a flat charge, including all these expenses.

Besides, a gross lease is a rental agreement in which the lessee pays a set fee that covers all running expenditures associated with the property, as opposed to a full service lease, which only covers certain expenses. All of these costs are the responsibility of the landlord, and the tenant's rent payment covers their portion of these costs.

A gross lease has the benefit of providing tenants with a dependable monthly expense. Tenants do not need to be concerned about unanticipated cost rises because the rent covers all running expenditures. It might be especially useful for renters on a tight budget who need to budget their spending carefully.

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Full Service Lease vs. Gross Lease

Full Service Lease

One of the benefits of a full service lease for tenants is that they have a foreseeable monthly cost. They don't have to stress about unanticipated expenditures like increased property taxes or maintenance expenses. Moreover, full service leases offer tenants numerous benefits, including a fixed monthly cost and a hassle-free renting experience.

Lessees may further take advantage of economies of scale, a considerable advantage. Given that the landlord is in charge of overseeing and managing the real area, they could be capable of bargaining cheaper rates for goods and services, which they might then pass along to the tenants in the form of lower rent.

A full service lease also can provide tenants with a higher caliber of service. The fact that the landlord manages and maintains the property means they can ensure it's always in good shape and that any repairs are done immediately.

Eventually, tenants inexperienced in leasing a commercial property or lacking the knowledge or resources to operate a facility on their own may find full service leases the best option. Tenants can concentrate on expanding their business and accomplishing their objectives without worrying about the property's day-to-day operations by giving the landlord the obligation for property management.

Gross Lease

One of the primary benefits of a gross lease is that the rent payments are fixed. Since the lessee is not accountable for paying extra expenditures beyond the specified rent, they can budget accordingly and avoid surprises. It can be especially significant for small companies or startups that must carefully handle their cash flow.

In addition, a gross lease is also uncomplicated and convenient for both the lessee and the owner. With a gross lease, the lessee does not need to worry about computing and settling separate utility expenses, property taxes, insurance, or maintenance costs.

The landlord pays all these expenses, and the lessee pays a specified monthly amount. It makes it easy for lessees to concentrate on running their company rather than fretting about property management issues.

Key Terms

  • Triple Net Lease: A lease agreement where the lessee pays for all the operating expenditures associated with the property in addition to the base rent.
  • Escalation Clause: A lease contract provision allowing rent to rise over time.
  • Expense Stop: A cap on the operating expenditures the lessor will pay for.
  • Net Lease: A lease contract where the lessee is accountable for settling all or most operating expenditures associated with the property.
  • CAM Charges: Common Area Maintenance expenses, which are the expenses associated with maintaining common areas of a property, such as lobbies, hallways, and elevators.


Whether a gross or full service lease is suitable usually depends on your requirements as a lessee or lessor. If you're a lessee who wants a predictable monthly expense and doesn't want to stress about unforeseen expenses, a full service or gross lease might be the right choice. If you're a lessor who wants a predictable cash flow and is ready to assume the risks associated with the property, a full service or gross lease might also be the right alternative for you.

Eventually, whether to sign a gross or full service lease depends on your specific situation and preferences. Both types of leases have benefits and drawbacks, so it's necessary to carefully evaluate your choices before deciding. By working with a trusted commercial real estate agent or lawyer, you can ensure that you understand the lease provisions and make an informed choice that fulfills your requirements.

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