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What Does Conveyance mean?

Conveyance is a term used in law to refer to transferring title or ownership of property from one person to another. For a conveyance to be effective, it must be in writing and signed by the person transferring the property.

Conveyances can be made through various means, such as deeds, contracts, and wills. The purpose of the conveyance is to ensure that the property is transferred legally and with the proper documentation. However, there may be a problem with the conveyance, such as a breach of contract. In that case, the party who received the property may sue for damages.

Legal written agreements used in conveyance include title, contract or lease, and transfer documents. These instruments of conveyances contain essential information like the agreed purchase price, the date of transfer, and the obligation of both parties.

Here’s an article about the definition of conveyance here.

Types of Conveyances

  • Real Estate Conveyance

Real estate conveyances are prepared when the seller transfers land ownership to the buyer. The documents involved during real estate settlement include certificate liens, mortgage documents, land title, and any other side agreement related to the transfer.

  • Mineral Rights Conveyances

Mineral right conveyances are applied if an exploration company wants to own a piece of land. The two entities enter into a contract that grants the exploration company mineral rights.

The company can mine the minerals without the owner handling the title of the land. However, the property owner is compensated for transferring the ownership rights to the mining company.

What are Examples of Conveyances?

Here are some examples to help you understand different types of conveyances.

  • Example 1

Your grandfather owns some property and would like to sell it to you. He can decide to use an arm-length transaction to buy the property at fair market value. Here, the deed is transferred at closing, and you become the new legal owner of the property.

  • Example 2

If your grandfather decides to gift you that property, you won’t have to compensate for the property’s value. However, you must pay a gift tax of not less than $16,000.

  • Example 3

When your grandfather dies, the deed is conveyed to you. In this case, you don’t pay anything. Instead, you pay an estate tax that’s not less than $12.06 million.

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Understanding Conveyance Law

The laws and practices followed during the conveyancing process are determined by the land’s location. However, most states follow almost the same legal format when conveyancing property.

When two entities agree to perform a property transaction, a hard copy contract should be presented to the seller and buyer. Next, both entities are supposed to sign the contract after verifying everything.

Here is a list of documents you need for a conveyance deed to be termed legal:

  • Property deed
  • Location plan
  • Mutation entries
  • Survey plan
  • Architecture certificate
  • Asset transfer agreement
  • Occupancy certificate
  • Certificate of commencement
  • Drafted conveyance deed
  • Proof of registration

The transfer of ownership is legally approved once relevant parties sign all these documents.

Conveyance in Real Estate

Real estate conveyance ensures that all conditions are fulfilled and all taxes are settled before transferring the land ownership rights. Also, a real estate conveyancer prepares all legal documents to be used during the settlement.

Here are common types of deeds used in real estate transfer:

  1. Grant Deeds : A grant deed is issued when the property owner decides to transfer ownership to the buyer. The seller agrees that the property is free of any lien.
  2. Quitclaim Deed : The seller transfers ownership to another person without guaranteeing that the property is in good condition.
  3. Reconveyance Deed : This deed is issued by the mortgage lender when the borrower has completed paying for the mortgage

Please reference here if you have questions about real estate conveyance.

What is Conveyance in Business?

People seeking to perform any business transaction can consult conveyance experts to help transfer ownership. Remember that buying or selling a business is not just handing over the keys. There’s a legal settlement process that both parties need to undergo.

Before the Contract Phase

First, both parties need to agree and have a settlement document put in place. Next, ensure your conveyancer has read the settlement document, especially the Form 2 business disclosure statement, and provided relevant feedback.

The Contract Phase

A business contract allows both the buyer and seller have a deeper insight into different aspects of the said business. The buyer gets to investigate and understand the financial state of the business.

During the contract phase, the buyer makes all the inquiries regarding the business. Next, the seller’s conveyancer provides detailed feedback on behalf of their customer. Then, a conveyance expert drafts a detailed contract as proof of sale.

After Completion Phase

In the completion phase, both the seller and buyer settle on the quoted price and state the payment plan. Both parties then sign all legal documents to confirm the transfer of ownership.

A conveyance expert can have the contract signed on your behalf and notify all the relevant financial institutions when the payments are made.

Types of Legal Documents Used in Conveyance

Conveyancing can be a long, tedious process that requires many legal documents. Therefore, it’s always a good idea to involve a conveyancer to guide you filling when filling the documents.

Here are the most basic documents you’ll need during the conveyancing process.

Contract of Sale

A contract of sale is an important document that acts as a purchase and sale agreement. The ownership of property changes when this contract is signed.

Some of the details you’ll see in a contract of sale include:

  • Settlement date
  • Property address
  • Names of the buyer, seller, conveyancers, and real estate agents
  • Cooling off period

Certificate of Land Title

A land title is a legal document used to prove if the seller is the real owner of the property. The seller must present this document to the buyer for review.

Important information available in a title deed includes:

  • Heritage delays
  • Caveats
  • Existing mortgages on the property
  • Easements
  • Renovations, restrictions, and extensions made

Vendor’s Statement

A vendor’s statement includes all important information that affects the sold property. Therefore, the seller must present this document regardless of whether it will affect the buyer’s decision.

The vendor’s statement must have the information below.

  • Building permits
  • Certificate of title
  • Plan of the house
  • Utilities connected to the property
  • Recent lease agreements
  • Outgoing costs
  • Recent renovations carried out

Settlement Statement

A settlement statement is a legal document issued after signing the sale contract. You’ll find the following details in a settlement statement:

  • Taxes
  • Rates estimate
  • Government fees
  • Deposit amount
  • Purchase price

Transfer Documents

Transfer documents are filled after a successful transfer of ownership. The transfer documents must be filled out in the presence of witnesses. The transfer documents are then handed over to the relevant state offices.

Verification of Identity (VOI)

The new recipients of the title deed must identify themselves to prevent fraud during the transaction process. This form must be filled in the presence of a VOI agent.

For a better understanding of legal conveyance documents, please reference here:

Get Help with Conveyance Issues

Transferring property from one entity to the other is a tedious process that involves much legal paperwork. Making mistakes when transferring ownership could cause a considerable loss. Avoid making such mistakes by hiring a conveyance expert today.

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ContractsCounsel is not a law firm, and this post should not be considered and does not contain legal advice. To ensure the information and advice in this post are correct, sufficient, and appropriate for your situation, please consult a licensed attorney. Also, using or accessing ContractsCounsel's site does not create an attorney-client relationship between you and ContractsCounsel.

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